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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)


PCOS is a common hormonal condition that affects about 1 in 10 women of reproductive age. It can cause a range of symptoms and may have long-term health implications.


What is PCOS?

PCOS is a condition in which the ovaries produce higher-than-normal levels of androgens (male hormones), leading to the development of small cysts on the ovaries. This hormonal imbalance can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle and lead to a variety of symptoms.


  1. Irregular periods: Women with PCOS often have irregular menstrual cycles, which can range from very frequent to infrequent.

  2. Excess androgen: Elevated levels of androgens can cause symptoms such as acne, excessive hair growth (hirsutism), and male-pattern baldness.

  3. Polycystic ovaries: The ovaries may have small, fluid-filled sacs (cysts) that can be seen on an ultrasound.

  4. Insulin resistance: PCOS is often associated with insulin resistance, which can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

  5. Fertility issues: PCOS is a common cause of infertility due to irregular ovulation.

PCOS is associated with an increased risk of several health complications, including Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Endometrial Cancer, and mental health disorders.


If you suspect you have PCOS or are experiencing problems with your periods, it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider. As a specialist gynaecologist, I am experienced in managing a broad range of gynaecological conditions and am here to help you determine the cause of your symptoms and find the treatment option that is right for you.

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