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Intrauterine Insemination

Concept of diagnosis and research of sperm donors. Hand shows sperm on a blue background..

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm directly into the uterus to enhance the chances of conception.

How does it work?

  1. Sperm Preparation: Before IUI, the sperm sample from either the male partner or a sperm donor is specially prepared in the laboratory. This process concentrates and selects the healthiest sperm, ensuring they are in optimal condition for fertilisation.

  2. Timing: IUI is timed to align with your ovulation to ensure the sperm reaches the egg at the perfect time

  3. Procedure: During the procedure, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter is used to place the prepared sperm directly into the uterus. This is a relatively quick and painless process, similar to a cervical screening test or pap smear.


Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is often recommended as management for:

  • Unexplained infertility.

  • Mild male factor infertility.

  • Cervical issues affecting sperm transport.

  • Ovulatory disorders.

  • Vaginismus or situations where sexual intercourse is hard to achieve

  • Donor sperm conception.

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